The concept of asylum is old and traditional. Asylum is a Latin word. It is derived from the Greek word “Assyria.” The word Asylia indicates a sacred place.
Meaning of Asylum
When anyone is considered an offender of their state, s/he can apply to another country for their protection. So, asylum means getting shelter and protection given by another country in its territory when their own country suspects them as a convict.
An asylee (who takes asylum) can get various benefits from the sheltered country. The benefits are provided mainly in the form of vouchers, which cover some necessities. Different rates are depending on the living situation.
Benefits for Asylum Seekers
Asylum seekers living in initial reception centres may get fewer facilities. The centre provides food, heating, clothing, and other things. If someone lives on their own, their allowance will be higher.
Benefits that asylum seekers in European Countries receive are often food, money, shelter, medical facilities, schooling for children, and access to interpreters and lawyers.
Despite this basic pack, asylum seekers also get some more benefits according to the country. Here is a list of European countries along with the advantages they provide to the asylum seekers:
Asylee’s who live in reception centres receive weekly carrying out allowances. The amount is 740 euros for each adult. After six months, asylees can apply for a work permit.
According to Austria’s law, people who are living publicly; get 50 euros per month. But those who live in private housing get 120 euros per person or 240 euros per family for rent. Also, the Austrian government provides 150 euros/year for clothes and 200 euros/year for school supplies.
If any asylum seekers live in Croatia for two years, the government will pay for their housing. But in this is applicable when they cannot fund themselves.
Bulgaria gives vast opportunities to the approved asylum applicants. They get all rights like Bulgarians. Only the difference is they cannot vote.
Asylum seekers in Germany receive monthly allowances of 354 euros. They can also get social security if they enlisted themself as a refugee.
Cyprus provides work permits in some selected sectors for asylum applicants. This permit is applicable if someone spent six months in their territory.
Denmark has come up with a work permit for asylum seekers. They can get half of the monthly Danish unemployment benefit on their arrival. Even someone passes a Danish Language Exam, s/he will also get additional money. Among other countries, Denmark provides so many significant facilities.
The state will give allowances for the first three years for the asylum applicants. The subsidies include housing, schooling, daycare & child benefit, full welfare benefits, language lessons, help for finding a job, and Finland grants 316 euros per month for an adult.
Asylum applicants will receive 343.50 euros per month whenever they submit their applications. For the first year, they cannot have a work permit.
The UK gives the same facilities as the British citizen to the granted asylum seekers. They also provide 36.95 pounds for fulfilling basic needs.
This act will help asylum seekers to choose a European country for their welfare.